Works Cited & Suggestions For Additional Reading

American Enterprise and Los Angeles Times, “2016 Poverty Survey: Attitudes towards the Poor, Poverty, and Welfare in the United States,” July 2016.

Anat Shenker-Osorio, Lake Research Partners, “Towards a Good Jobs Agenda: Economic Justice Messaging Research,” July 2015.

Bostrom, Meg, “Achieving the American Dream: A Meta-Analysis of Public Opinion Concerning Poverty, Upward Mobility, and Related Issues,” 2002.

College of Mount Saint Vincent, “Society or the Individual,” 2016. Root Causes of Poverty in America,” January 25, 2016.

College of Mount Saint Vincent, “Social Issues in the United States: Poverty,” May 26, 2015.

Frank Newport, Gallup, “American Public Opinion on Foreign Trade”, April 2016.

Gallup Poll, 2003, 2011, 2016.

Gallup Poll Social Series, “Mood of the Nation Final Topline Data,” January 2015.

Gallup Poll, “U.S. Satisfaction with Ability to Get Ahead, January 2015,” .

Gallup, “U.S. Mood on Economy Up, Race Relations Sharply Down,” January 2015.

Gallup, “U.S. Satisfaction with Federal Poverty Efforts at New Low,” May 2015.

John McCormick & Terrence Dopp, Bloomberg, “Free-Trade Opposition Unites Political Parties in Bloomberg Poll,” March 24, 2016.

Jones, Robert P., et al., “Anxiety, Nostalgia, and Mistrust: Findings from the 2015 American Values Survey,” Public Religion Research Institute, 2015.

Kristen Mickelson and Emily Hazett, “Why me?”: Low-Income Women’s Poverty Attributions, Mental Health, and Social Class Perceptions,” Springer, 2014.

Manza, Jeff & Clems Brooks, The Stanford Center for Poverty and Inequality, Pathways Winter, 2016: Why Aren't Americans Angrier About Rising Inequality?

NBC Poll, October 2015, https://www.scribd.com/doc/287951770/NBC-SM-SurveyMonkey-10-30.

NORC General Social Survey, 1974, 1990, 2002, 2014, 2015.

NORC General Social Survey Final Report, “Trends in National Spending Priorities, 1973–2014,” March 2015, pp 1-4.

Pew Research Center, Fact Tank, 2014.

Pew Research Center, Global Attitudes Survey, 2014,

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, Pew Governance Survey, August 2015.

Pew Center for People & the Press, Pew Governance Survey conducted by SRBI, October 2015.

Pew Research Center for People & the Press, Governance Survey Topline, November 2015.

Pew Research Center, “Racial Attitudes in America III Final Topline”, June 2016.

Public Agenda Foundation & Princeton Survey Research Associates International, November 18–21, 2010.

Public Citizen, “U.S. polling show strong opposition to more of the same U.S. trade deals from Independents, Republicans, and Democrats alike,” July 2015.

Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, 2014.

Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, September–October 2015.

Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, November 2015.

Public Religion Research Institution, “Pre-Election 2014 Survey Topline,” September 2014.

Reuters/Ipos Poll, April 2015.

Ron Haskins, “What are Presidential Candidates saying about Poverty and Opportunity: Pathways Winter 2016”, The Stanford Center for Poverty and Inequality.

The New York Times, “Americans’ Views on Income Inequality and Workers’ Rights,” June 3, 2015.

The Opportunity Agenda, “A Window of Opportunity: Media and Public Opinion on Poverty in America,” 2014.

The Wall Street Journal poll, January 2015.

The Guardian, “US millennials feel more working class than any other generation,” March 15, 2016.

Thomas B. Edsall, “Has Obamacare Turned Voters Against Sharing the Wealth?,” The New York Times, April 2015.

Topos Research Partnerships, “Taxlandia,” 2016.

YouGov Poll, 2015.

YouGov Poll, 2015.

The Opportunity Agenda wishes to thank and acknowledge the many people who contributed their time, energy and expertise to the research and writing of this report. The report was made possible by generous funding from the Aspen Forum for Community Solutions and The JPB Foundation. We would also like to thank those who support our ongoing Poverty initiative including the Ford Foundation, Nathan Cummings Foundation, Open Society Foundations, The Libra Foundation, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, and Unbound  Philanthropy.

The public opinion analysis was researched and written by Lucy Odigie-Turley of The Opportunity Agenda, and the narrative and messaging recommendations were prepared by Melissa Moore.

We also want to express our great appreciation to Josh Yoder and Cristian Fleming of the Public Society who designed the report, and Elinor Nauen who oversaw editing and proofreading.

Special thanks to Betsy Richards who managed the project, and Ross Mudrick for providing publication and editing assistance.

Notes:

1. Pew Research Center, Fact Tank, 2014, (accessed 16 Apr, 2016).

2The Associated Press–NORC Center for Public Affairs, “The importance of economic issues: issue brief,” 2016, (accessed  10  Feb.   2016).

3. The Stanford Center for Poverty and Inequality, “Why Aren’t Americans Angrier About Rising Inequality?”, 2016.

4NBC Poll, October 2015, (accessed 31 Aug.   2016).

5. Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey September–October 2015, accessed 10 Feb.  2016).

6. Topos Research Partnerships, “Taxlandia,” 2016, (accessed 12 Sept. 2016).

7Public Agenda Foundation & Princeton Survey Research Associates International, November 18–21, 2010 (accessed from IRoper 15 Apr. 2016).

8. The Opportunity Agenda, “A Window of Opportunity: Media and Public Opinion on Poverty in America,” 2014, p. 14.

9. Bostrom, Meg, “Achieving the American Dream: A Meta-Analysis of Public Opinion Concerning Poverty, Upward Mobility, and Related Issues,” 2002 (accessed 16 April. 2016).

10. American Enterprise and Los Angeles Times, “2016 Poverty Survey: Attitudes towards the Poor, Poverty, and Welfare in the United States,” July 2016, (accessed 26 August. 2016).

11. College of Mount Saint Vincent, “Society or the Individual,” 2016, (accessed 10 Feb. 2016).

12. College of Mount Saint Vincent, “Social Issues in the United States: Poverty,” May 26, 2015, (accessed 10 Feb. 2016).

13. Ibid.

14. Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, 2014, p. 8, (accessed 10 Feb. 2016).

15. Ibid., p. 8.

16. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., pp. 27-28.

17. Kristen Mickelson and Emily Hazett, “Why me?”: Low- Income Women’s Poverty Attributions, Mental Health, and Social Class Perceptions,” Springer, 2014, p. 322 (accessed 9 June. 2016).

18. The Guardian, “US millennials feel more working class than any other generation,” March 15, 2016 (accessed 18 Mar. 2016).

19. Ibid.

20. NORC General Social Survey, 2000, 2014 (accessed 18 Mar. 2016).

21. Ibid.

22. The Opportunity Agenda’s preferred terms is Latino.

23. Pew Research Center, “2016 Racial Attitudes in America III Final Topline,” June 2016, p. 26, (accessed 1 Sep. 2016).

24. Ibid.

25. Ibid. WW

26. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p. 20.

27. The Opportunity Survey, The Opportunity Agenda & Langer Associates, 2014.

28. Ibid.

29. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p. 28.

30. College of Mount Saint Vincent, “Social Issues in the United States: Poverty, May 26, 2015, (accessed 10 Feb. 2016).

31. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p. 28.

32. Gallup Poll, 2003, (accessed from IROPER 12 Aug. 2016).

33        Gallup Poll, 2011, 2016, (accessed from IROPER 12 Aug. 2016).

34. YouGov Poll, 2015, (accessed 12 Aug. 2016).

35. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., pp. 14-15.

36. Gallup Poll Social Series, “Mood of the Nation Final Topline Data,” January 2015, (accessed Feb. 2016).

37. College of Mount Saint Vincent, “Social Issues in the United States: Poverty,” May 26, 2015, (accessed 10 Feb. 2016).

38. The Opportunity Agenda & Langer Research Associates, “The Opportunity Survey Topline,” 2014.

39. Kristen Mickelson and Emily Hazett, “Why me?”: Low- Income Women’s Poverty Attributions, Mental Health, and Social Class Perceptions,” Springer, 2014.

40. Ibid.

41. Bostrum, Meg, “A Meta-Analysis of Public Opinion Concerning Poverty, Upward Mobility, and Related Issues,” 2002, (accessed 16 April 2016).

42. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p. 24.

43. Ibid, p. 25.

44. The New York Times, “Americans’ Views on Income Inequality and Workers’ Rights,” June 3, 2015, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

45. Ibid.

46. Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey September–October 2015, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

47. Pew Global Attitudes Survey, 2014, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

48. The Wall Street Journal, January 2015, (accessed 31 Aug, 2016).

49. Public Religion Research Institution, “Pre-Election 2014 Survey Topline,” September 2014, p. 13, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

50. Ibid.

51. Ibid.

52. NBC Poll, October 2015, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

53. Ibid.

54. YouGov Poll, 2015, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

55. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, Pew Governance Survey, August 2015, (accessed from Roper IPoll database 10 Feb. 2016).

56. Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, November 2015, (accessed 10 Feb. 2016).

57. Gallup Poll, “U.S Satisfaction with Ability to Get Ahead, January 2015,” (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

58. Gallup News Service, Final Topline Data, January 2015, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

59. Gallup Poll, “U.S Satisfaction,” op cit.

60. Manza, Jeff & Clems Brooks, The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, Pathways Winter, 2016 (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

61. Anat Shenker-Osorio, Lake Research Partners, “Towards a Good Jobs Agenda: Economic Justice Messaging Research,” July 2015, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

62. NORC General Social Survey, 2002, 2014, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

63. Jones, Robert P., et al., “Anxiety, Nostalgia, and Mistrust: Findings from the 2015 American Values Survey,” Public Religion Research Institute, 2015, p. 20, (accessed 31 Aug. 2016).

64. Ibid.

65. Pew Center for People & the Press, conducted by SRBI, October 2015, (accessed from Roper IPoll database 10 Feb. 2016).

66. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p.19.

67. See, for example: Clawson, Rosalee A., and Trice Rakuya. “Poverty As We Know It: Media Portrayals of the Poor,” The Public Opinion Quarterly 64, no. 1 (2000): pp 53–64, Winter,  Nicholas JG, “Dangerous Frames: How Ideas About Race and Gender Shape Public Opinion,” University of Chicago Press, 2008; Hunt, Matthew O., “Race/ethnicity and beliefs about wealth and poverty,” Social Science Quarterly 85, no. 3, 2004, pp 827–853.

68“A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p. 10.

69. Ibid., p 2.

70. Gallup, “U.S. Mood on Economy Up, Race Relations Sharply Down,” January 2015, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

71. Pew Research Center, “2016 Racial Attitudes in America III Final Topline,” June 2016, p. 10, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

72. Ibid.

73. Ibid.

74. Ibid.

75. Ibid.

76. “A Window of Opportunity,” op cit., p. 17.

77. Pew Research Center, “2016 Racial Attitudes in America III Final Topline,” June 2016, p. 20, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

78. Ibid.

79. Ibid.

80. Ibid.

81. Gallup, “U.S Satisfaction with Federal Poverty Ef- forts at New Low,” May 2015, (accessed 16 Feb. 2016).

82. Ibid.

83. Pew Research Center, “2015 Governance Survey Topline,” November 2015, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

84. Gallup, “U.S Satisfaction with Federal Poverty Ef- forts at New Low,” May 2015, (accessed 16 Feb, 2016).

85. Ibid.

86. Ron Haskins, “What are Presidential Candidates saying about Poverty and Opportunity: Pathways Winter 2016,” The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

87. Ibid., p. 4

88. Thomas B. Edsall, “Has Obamacare Turned Voters Against Sharing the Wealth?,” The New York Times, April 2015, (accessed 16 Feb. 2016).

89. Pew Research Center for People & the Press, Governance Survey Topline, November 2015, (accessed 16 Feb. 2016).

90. Haskins, op cit., p.4.

91. NORC General Social Survey 1974–2015 (accessed 16 Feb. 2016).

92. Ibid., 1974, 1990, 2015.

93. Topos Research Partnerships, “Taxlandia,” 2016, page TK.

94. Ibid., p. 41.

95. Topos Partnership and Public Works, “Government, the Economy and We, the People: Research Summary,” October 2009. (accessed October 2009).

96. Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, 2015.

97. Ibid.

98. NORC General Social Survey Final Report, “Trends in National Spending Priorities, 1973–2014,” March 2015.

99. New York Times and CBS, “Americans’ Views on Income Inequality and Workers’ Rights,” June 2015, (accessed 26 Aug. 2016).

100. Ibid.

101. Ibid.

102. See Steve Denning, Forbes, “Do Trade Agreements Kill Jobs?,” March 2016 and The New York Times, “Are Trade Agreements Good For America?,” March 17, 2016.

103. Frank Newport, Gallup, “American Public Opinion on Foreign Trade,” April 2016, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

104. Ibid.

105. Ibid.

106. John McCormick & Terrence Dopp, Bloomberg, “Free- Trade Opposition Unites Political Parties in Bloomberg Poll,” March 24, 2016, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

107. Ibid.

108. Public Citizen, “U.S. polling show strong opposition to more of the same U.S. trade deals from Independents, Republicans, and Democrats alike,” July 2015, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

109. John McCormick & Terrence Dopp, Bloomberg, “Free- Trade Opposition Unites Political Parties in Bloomberg Poll,” March 24, 2016, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

110. Pew Research Center, Political Survey Topline, May 2015.

111. NORC General Social Survey, 1990, 2000, 2014.

112. NORC General Social Survey, 2014.

113. Public Agenda Foundation & Princeton Survey Research Associates International, November 18–21, 2010, (accessed from IRoper 15 Apr. 2016).

114. Public Religion Research Institute, American Values Survey, 2014.

115. Ibid.

116. NORC General Social Survey, 2014.

117. Ibid., 1990, 2000, 2014.

118. Ibid., 2015.

119. Ibid., 2014.

120. NORC General Social Survey Final Report, “Trends in National Spending Priorities, 1973–2014,” March 2015, (accessed 1 Sept. 2016).

121. Reuters/Ipos Poll, April 2015, (accessed 1 Sept 2016).

122. Berkeley Media Studies Group, “Using social math to support your policy issue,” March 30, 2015, (accessed 12 Sept, 2016).

123. The Opportunity Agenda, “Rethinking Faith: Opportunities for Engaging Faith Communities in Social Justice”, February 2016.